5 Types of Insomnia, Which is the Most Common?
5 Types of Insomnia, Which is the Most Common? - The role of sleep is vital for the health of every organ and part of the body. Therefore, not meeting the hours of sleep can trigger bad things. One of the sleep disorders that many people often experience is insomnia.
This condition makes it difficult for sufferers to sleep and can attack anyone from any circle. Insomnia can cause a person to look unrefreshed, quickly tired, and have difficulty concentrating on daily activities.
It not only lasts for a few days, but insomnia can also occur for weeks and even continue in the very long term. Generally, there are several types of insomnia depending on the symptoms, causes, and duration of occurrence.
Types of Common Insomnia Occurs
Launching from several reliable health sources, insomnia is usually divided into five types: acute, chronic, onset, maintenance, and BIC.
The following is a detailed explanation of each type of insomnia:
1. Acute Insomnia
The most common type of insomnia suffered is acute insomnia. As the name implies, this insomnia lasts for a short period, from a few days to a few weeks.
Reporting from Healthline, this type of insomnia is also referred to as adjustment insomnia because it generally occurs when a person experiences an unpleasant and stressful event. For example, when you lose a loved one or adapt to a new job.
In addition to stress, acute insomnia can also be caused by several things, including:
- An unusual or unfamiliar new environment, such as a hotel, a friend's house, or a new home.
- Excessive noise, temperature, or light.
- Uncomfortable beds or mattresses.
- Physical discomfort, such as pain or the wrong sleeping position.
- Certain drugs.
- Acute illnesses and allergies.
- Jet lag or side effects that occur due to long trips.
2. Chronic Insomnia
Quoting from Medicinenet, a person is said to suffer from chronic insomnia if he has difficulty sleeping three days per week for one month. There are two types of chronic insomnia, namely primary or idiopathic and secondary or comorbid.
By definition, primary chronic insomnia has no apparent cause or underlying medical condition. Meanwhile, secondary chronic insomnia has a clear cause and is more common than primary chronic.
So, what are the causes of chronic insomnia? Here are some of the triggers:
- Chronic medical conditions include diabetes, thyroid disease, Parkinson's, sleep apnea, and hyperthyroidism.
- Mental health conditions (psychological), including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
- Certain medications include antihypertensive drugs, chemotherapy, antidepressants, and beta blockers.
- Caffeine and other brain stimulants, such as alcohol and nicotine.
- Lifestyle factors, namely frequent travel, so that they experience jet lag, naps and irregular sleep times, and shift work.
- Increasing age.
3. Insomnia Onset
Insomnia onset is a type of insomnia characterized by difficulty initiating sleep and can be short-term or chronic.
The Sleep Foundation states that most people with this onset insomnia cannot fall asleep even after spending 20 to 30 minutes in bed.
According to a 2009 study published in the Journal of Sleep Medicine, people with chronic onset insomnia often have other sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome (RLS) or periodic limb movement disorders.
Common causes of onset insomnia are as follows:
- Chronic pain.
- Stress, anxiety, and depression.
- Caffeine and other stimulants.
- Environmental changes and unfamiliarity.
4. Insomnia Maintenance
Insomnia maintenance is when individuals have difficulty staying asleep or wake up too early and find it difficult to go back to sleep again.
Launching from Healthline, maintenance insomnia can be caused by chronic medical conditions or psychological conditions such as depression, anxiety, or stress.
Here are some medical conditions that cause maintenance insomnia:
- Asthma and other breathing problems.
- Nasal congestion and sinus allergies.
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS).
- Stomach acid disease.
- Chronic pain.
- Sleep apnea.
5. Behavioral Insomnia Of Childhood (BIC) or Insomnia in Children
UCLA Health states that Behavioral Insomnia Of Childhood (BIC) affects about 25% of children. There are three subtypes of this type of insomnia, namely:
BIC sleep-onset results from a negative relationship with sleep, such as learning to sleep by being rocked or breastfeeding. In addition, watching TV while sleeping can also be the cause. This type of BIC can be treated by adopting a healthier sleep routine and learning relaxation techniques.
BIC limit-setting, namely BIC caused by children refusing or delaying sleep. Examples of his behavior are going to the bathroom, asking for a drink, or asking his parents to read him another story.
BIC combined type, which is a combination of the two BIC subtypes. This typically occurs when the child has a negative relationship with sleep and refuses to sleep due to a lack of firm direction from parents or caregivers.
Well, this type of insomnia is often experienced by people. Long-term insomnia is not suitable for health; it can even be fatal to the body. If you have insomnia, don't worry because insomnia can be overcome naturally.
Therefore, identify the cause so you can avoid it. For adults, sleep at least 7 to 8 hours so that the body is more robust and fresher in daily activities!