7 Causes and Symptoms of Kidney Failure, Beware!
Kidney failure is a kidney disease that is quite severe because it is the final stage of kidney disease, where the kidney damage is severe enough or lasts a long time. This condition causes a decrease in kidney function, so the cleaning and filtering of impurities or toxins from the blood become disturbed.
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Generally, kidney failure is divided into two types, namely acute kidney failure and chronic kidney failure. Before it's too late, know the causes and symptoms of the disease by listening to the following article!
Causes of Kidney Failure Kidney
The disease can be caused by many things, depending on the type. However, most acute kidney failure occurs due to a lack of blood flow to the kidneys. Here are some things that can cause kidney failure:
1. Low Blood Volume
Lack of blood flow to the kidneys suddenly can cause acute kidney failure. It can be caused by many things, including severe dehydration, bleeding, shock, heart attack, allergies, severe burns, severe infections, hypertension, and taking anti-inflammatory drugs.
2. Disorders of the Urinary Tract
Disorders of the urinary tract, such as blockage, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and blood clots in the urinary tract, can cause toxins to accumulate in the kidneys, which is burdening the kidneys.
In addition, some types of cancer can also block the urinary tract, such as prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, and cervical cancer.
3. Have Diabetes
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. If a person with diabetes does not reduce the entry of blood sugar levels, then it can damage the body's organs, especially the kidneys.
4. High Blood Pressure
In addition to diabetes, high blood pressure or hypertension is also one of the leading causes of kidney failure.
High blood pressure occurs when blood flows through the body's veins with a solid and increasing force. Left untreated can damage kidney tissue and cause chronic kidney failure.
5. Consuming Food and Drinks Causes Kidney Failure
Frequent consumption of foods that contain preservatives, high sugar, and caffeine can damage kidney tissue and trigger acute kidney disease. We recommend reducing the consumption of foods high in salt or sodium and high in sugar.
6. Frequent Holding of Urination
Holding back urination can lead to infection, leading to kidney failure or increasing the risk of kidney stones. Kidney stones can form from excess sodium and calcium that are not regularly excreted in the urine.
7. Genetic or Autoimmune
Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy, can increase the risk of chronic kidney disease. In addition, inherited genetic disorders, such as polycystic kidney disease, nephritic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, kidney stones, or kidney infections, can cause this disease.
8. Unhealthy Lifestyle The last
cause of kidney failure is an unhealthy lifestyle. The following are some lifestyle habits that can lead to chronic or acute kidney failure:
- Lack of drinking habits
- Excessive smoking habits
- Consumption of illegal drugs or drugs
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
Kidney failure often shows no symptoms in the early stages and can only be detected through laboratory tests. However, this disease can progress very quickly, causing sufferers to experience several symptoms and characteristics of kidney failure, such as:
Decreased kidney function can cause a buildup of toxins and impurities in the blood, making the body quickly tired, weak, and weak. Having trouble concentrating.
Not infrequently, this condition can cause anemia and make the body always feel weak and limp.
2. Dry and Itchy Skin
Symptoms of kidney failure can be felt when the skin suddenly becomes dry and itchy. This is a sign of disturbances in mineral and bone levels.
The appearance of symptoms of dry and itchy skin indicates that the kidneys can no longer maintain the balance of minerals and nutrients in the blood.
3. Urine Containing Blood
When the kidneys experience a decrease in function, separating waste from the blood will be disrupted, causing blood to mix into the urine.
In addition to signaling kidney failure, this condition can also indicate the presence of other diseases, such as kidney stones or infections.
4. Swelling in Body Parts
Decreased kidney function will cause sodium retention and cause swelling in several parts of the body.
Feet, arms, hands, and face are some of the body parts most prone to swelling when there is a kidney problem.
5. Decreased Appetite
The buildup of toxins in the body can cause a continuous decrease in appetite. This symptom is one of the common characteristics of kidney failure.
6. Frequent Muscle Cramps
Disorders of the kidneys can cause an electrolyte imbalance in the body. As a result, some levels of phosphorus and calcium in the body decrease, causing muscle cramps.
7. Increased Urination Frequency
Increased frequency of urination, especially at night, can indicate kidney problems.
In addition, increased frequency of urination can also be caused by other factors, such as a urinary tract infection or an enlarged prostate in men.
Friends, you should be aware of the causes and symptoms of kidney failure. Remember that kidney failure can cause symptoms that vary from person to person. Therefore, it is advisable to do regular health checks with the doctor.